Patna. There is a state of doubt about when Makar Sankranti is. Somewhere Makar Sankranti will be celebrated on 14 January and somewhere on 15 January. If there is any confusion in your mind about the date of Makar Sankranti, then you can read the Facebook post of Kishore Kunal, head of Mahavir Mandir Trust. Kishore Kunal has mentioned in his post about when to celebrate Makar Sankranti in detail on his Facebook wall and many important things related to this festival. He has told that on which day should Makar Sankranti be celebrated and what is the significance of celebrating it on that day?
Know what Kishore Kunal has written in his post-
Makar Sankranti, January 14, 2020 e :
There are 12 zodiac signs in a year. In these, the Sun remains Uttarayan for six months from Makar Sankranti and Dakshinayan Sun starts from Cancer Sankranti. In Uttarayan Sun, there are auspicious times for Yagya, Devpratishtha etc. It is believed that as long as the Sun remains in Uttarayan, it is the day of the deities for six months and the Dakshinayan is the night of the deities during the months of the Sun. Therefore, this day of Makar Sankranti is considered as early morning for the gods. The religious importance that occurs in the morning throughout the day, Makar Sankranti also has the same importance throughout the year. This year the transition is happening on the night of 14 January at 8.34 minutes. Since the transition period can also occur at night; Therefore, the theologians have arranged Punya Kaal and Punyah on the basis of transition period.
According to mathematics and astrology, the sun’s image remains at that sankranti-point for 8 hours before or after the solstice. Therefore, 8 hours before or after the transition period, whenever the rising sun is found, it will be considered as a holy period. This year, before the transition at 8:34 pm, we will get the image of Surya Sankranti on the date 14, so according to the mathematics related to Sankranti, 14 should be celebrated only.
All the essayists of Mithila have unanimously decided that if there is a transition before midnight, then the punyakal will be after midnight on the previous day and that whole day will be called punyah. By compiling all these proofs, M.M. Mukund Jha Bakshi has given this arrangement in ‘Parvanirnay’. Therefore, in the Panchang published from Mithila, date 14 has been considered as Makar Sankranti.
Kamalakar Bhatt has quoted all the opinions regarding Makar Sankranti in Niyaasindhu, in which Madhav is of the opinion that if there is a transition in the night, then the second day should be considered as a holy period. But according to Anantbhatta, if there is an infection before midnight, then it should be considered as the previous day. In this way Kamalakar has not given any decision of his own.
Dharmasindhukar is of the opinion that if there is a transition in the east part, parabhaga or Nishith of the night, then there will be a virtuous period on the second day. According to this opinion, Makar Sankranti will be held on 15th.
Kamalakar Bhatt has also given importance to regional traditions in this matter, so according to the scriptures, those who have tradition will celebrate that day.